Home Cities Iraklion Heraklion or Herakleion is the largest urban centre in Crete, the capital of the region and the economic centre of the island. Hania or Chania is the second biggest town in Crete and is well known for its scenic old town and harbor. Rethymnon is built between the two other large cities of Crete. The town still maintains its old aristocratic appearance, with its buildings dating from the 16th century, arched doorways, fountains etc. Heraklion Heraklion is the largest city of Crete with a population of about Heraklion houses the public services and the major scientific centers of Crete, being the commercial center of the island with the main port and airport. From a scenic city with unique traditional Venetian and Ottoman monuments in early s, as one of the most historical cities in the Mediterranean, Heraklion unfortunately turned into an ugly cement city, losing almost all of its aristocratic Chania Venice of the East” is regarded by many, and not unjustly, as the most beautiful city in Greece. The picturesque city of Chania is the second largest city of Crete, after Heraklion, with more than 60, residents. Fortunately it did not follow the same fate as the other cities of Crete, e.
Knossos Palace & Archaeological Site, Crete island, Greece
Located about two and half hours from Athens along the slopes of the awe-inspiring Mount Parnassus, Delphi was once revered by the ancient Greeks as the center of the earth. Dedicated to the god, Apollo, Delphi was an important oracle. In ancient times, people would come to this sacred spot to inquire of the priestess for advice on a wide range of topics from farming to relationships and politics.
Significant ruins and structures at Delphi include the Temple of Apollo, the Athenian Treasury, the theater and hippodrome that once hosted events of the ancient Pythian Games. What makes these cliffs even more inspiring are the historic monasteries perched along the summits.
History Archaeological Sites in Greece This section proposes a brief description of the most interesting archaeological sites of Greece and the Greek Islands. Discover the most famous and historicaly important sites of Ancient Greece: It is also called the Sacred Rock, stands on the highest point of Athens. It is considered as the most important heritage of the Classical period and also as Europe’s most important ancient monument.
The Parthenon Temple is the main building on the Acropolis and constitutes an architectural splendour of the ancient times. The Acropolis stands proudly over the modern and busy city of Athens and it keeps reminding us that Athens was the cradle of a great civilization. Although temples were constructed there since the Archaic times, the Acropolis as we know it today was an idea of Pericles, the famous statesman of the Classical Era.
Made of fine Pentelian marble, the Acropolis and its buildings were constructed in the 5th century BC and it costed a huge amount of money for that times.
The island of Crete is both historic and famed in myth—it is the birthplace of the god Zeus and the land of the Minotaur, and it is the seat of the ancient Minoan civilization. It is also a top tourist destination, with many beaches, some crowded in peak season, others often deserted and pristine. Depending on the area, Crete can offer either serenity or excitement. It has both secluded villages and big tourist resorts. Cretan summers are hot, dry affairs, while winters are mild, and marked by frequent rain.
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Amazing beaches, traditional hotels, natural beauty, perfect island hopping itineraries, easy access… And we could go on forever. You actually have to make effort to find something missing from Crete island. Keep reading to find out why you and Crete will be love at first sight! Its history is still alive in Chania Chania, one of the most picturesque cities of Crete, breaths history and tradition.
Like, really love it! The area looks like you are walking in an old Venetian city and has retained the picturesque architecture of the past. Ready for some historical info? Crete came under the Venetian Rule after the Fourth Crusade. That was when Crete was sold to Venetians for silver marks in early 13th century. After that, the island has suffered various occupations and wars, including the Ottoman rule and the World War II. As a result of its turbulent past, Crete is an alive monument itself.
So, where should you go? The first place you need to visit when you arrive in Chania is the Venetian Port, around which spreads the Old Town.
Archaeological Sites in Greece: List of ancient sites
The first time I ever heard of Ikaros was in primary school. I was a third-grader and our teacher was telling us about the story of mythical Ikaros, who supposedly fell into the sea nearby when he flew too near the sun and his wax wings melted. I vividly remember Mrs. Mary concluding, saying “and that’s how Ikaria got her name” Ikaria is a female word in Greek.
That’s when a classmate of mine, Chris, raised his hand and asked Mrs Mary:
Two burials with rich grave goods were found in a pit from the Middle Minoan IA era ( BC) in Siteia, NE Crete, during excavations of a palace-related cemetery.
In the first pit, a primary or original burial of a man included the first weapon found in Petras, a bronze short sword, Tsipopoulou said in a statement. This contained two secondary burials of children under 10 years old and two gold bracelets from thin sheets of gold. For its era, the Petras cemetery has proven to be by far the largest on Crete.
It belonged to elite family members related to the palace in the area. So far, 26 funerary buildings of 45 to sq. According to Tsipopoulou, the cemetery contains at least four or five funereal buildings that were noted in but have not been fully excavated yet. In antiquity, Petras had a large port and served as the entry gate to eastern Crete during the Pre- and the Proto-Palatial period for the incoming trade of raw materials, objects and ideas from Syria and Egypt.
Its palace, according to the official excavation site https: The preserved section of it covers 2, sq. In the 14th century BC during Late Minoan IIIA , following the destruction of its palace, there was building activity in the cemetery that appears to be related to honoring ancestors.
Aptera Archaeological Site, Chania Crete, Greece
Located about five kilometers three miles south of Heraklion, on the rather low Kephala hill, the Palace of Knossos was the largest of the Minoan palaces in Crete. It was also at the core of the highly sophisticated civilization that populated the island over 3, years ago. Discovery The discovery and later excavation of the palace dates back to the beginning of the 20th century; before then Knossos was a place to be found only in Greek mythology.
The first scholar interested in the area was the German Heinrich Schliemann, who in had excavated the site believed to be Troy. Schliemann was certain that a major Minoan palace lay hidden near Heraklion, but the Ottoman authorities denied any permission to dig.
In winter the belt of low-pressure disturbances moving in from the North Atlantic Ocean shifts southward, bringing with it warm, moist, westerly winds. As the low-pressure areas enter the Aegean region, they may draw in cold air from those eastern regions of the Balkans that, sheltered by the Dinaric mountain system from western influences, are open to climatic extremes emanating from the heart of Eurasia.
This icy wind is known as the boreas. Occasionally the warmer sirocco shilok winds are drawn in from the south. The western climatic influences bring plenty of precipitation to the Ionian coast and the mountains behind it; winter rain starts early, and snow lingers into spring. Few populated areas have lasting snowfalls, but snow is commonly found on the highest peaks.
Topography is again a modifying factor: In other regions, such as Crete, the hot, dry summers are accentuated by the parching meltemi, or etesian winds , which become drier as they are drawn southward. However, atmospheric pollution has become a serious problem in the cities, notably Athens, obscuring the sky and posing a hazard to the ancient monuments. Plant and animal life As in other Balkan countries, the vegetation of Greece is open to influences from several major biogeographic zones, with the major Mediterranean and western Asian elements supplemented by plants and animals from the central European interior.
Greece , Travel Blogs Crete is the largest and most populous of the Greek Islands, and is actually the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean. Cruising around Crete in our car — the only way to go! Technically, Elafonissi is actually an island located on the southwestern corner of Crete. Unfortunately, much of the pink sand has been taken from the beach, but on a sunny day you can still see a light rose hue glimmering from beneath your toes.
Clear water, ship wrecks and abundant marine life these are the main reasons why you should consider a diving or snorkeling vacation in Greece. Sporades Islands: Skiathos, Skopelos, Alonissos The Greek seabed is one of the richest in ship wrecks, dating back as far as the 5th century B.C.
It was a wealthy locale that controlled sea trade in the area. It holds religious and spiritual significance — Apostle Paul was known to live here. Temples of Apollo, Aphrodite and Octavia are also located in Corinth. The Temple of Apollo, especially, is regarded as a prime example of Doric architecture. The remains of other temples, villas, a theatre, shops, public baths, pottery factories, a gymnasium, a large triumphal arch, and other buildings dot the site, which since has been extensively excavated.
Corinth was also famous for its pottery, and you can see a comprehensive collection of Corinthian pottery showing all stages of development. The Archaeological Museum of Ancient Corinth contains a number of artifacts of religious interest, including inscriptions of Gallio and Erastus, both mentioned in religious texts. A look inside the Cave of the Apocalypse, Patmos, Greece. John had visions and is located halfway up the mountain on the island.